Tuesday, July 31, 2012

invitation from churp churp to the breaking of fast

Alhamdulillah..
      feel quite surprised also when will this email.


      Churp Churp make an offer to attend the wedding ceremony that will provide the breaking of fast at August 5th, 2012 and location at Songket Restaurant,  Jalan Yap Kwan Seng, Kuala Lumpur. quite disappointed but also seal the reason has not healed .. sesiape that I can go for a churp churp follow illustrated step .. lively hope .. 
-=::safe breaking::=- 
To join us for the buka puasa session, all you have to do is post a Facebook update on your profile:

Step 1: Download the Buka Puasa #ChurpOut visual here and share it on your Facebook wall.

Step 2: Share the Buka Puasa #ChurpOut poster and tell us why would you wanna join us at Songket Restaurant for Buka Puasa #ChurpOut and  what would you bring as a donation to the homeless. 

Step 3: Tag @ChurpChurp@SongketRestaurant and the friend you will be bringing in the post!

Step 4: Remember to set your post to “Public” so we could track your submission.

Step 5: Hover over the time posted of your status, right click to copy the permalink/URL and submit to the form HERE.

Example of Submission:
 
50 Churpers and their guests will be invited to join us for this buka puasa #ChurpOut. Remember to RSVP when you get your invite as we have very limited spaces for this #ChurpOut. We can’t wait to mix, mingle and dine with you Churpers at Songket Restaurant! Till then, Selamat Berpuasa!
Do look through our Terms & Conditions before participating and all the best!

1)      This event is opened to all existing Churp Churp users in Malaysia only.

2)      To participate, Churpers are required to share the official Buka Puasa #ChurpOut poster in a Facebook status; tagging Churp Churp and Songket Restaurant according to the stated conditions. Only complete contest entries are accepted and eligible for participation.

3)      Protected Facebook profiles with updates that not traceable by Churp Churp will not be accepted as participation to the contest.

4)      Invites will be sent out via emails to winners by August 2nd, 2012 (Thursday) and will require confirmation of attendance through email by August 3rd, 2012 (Friday). Winners who fail to confirm their attendance by the deadline will have their invites revoked and passed to winners who didn’t make the initial cut.

5)      Judges’ decisions are final and not disputable.

6)      Churp Churp reserves the right to amend the Terms and Conditions without prior notice.

Monday, July 30, 2012

Gelagat Mr. Bean di okestra olympik 2012


Cuma sekadar hiburan untuk hilangkan stress seketika.. memang best.. layan =)



video

-=::Semoga anda terhibur::=-

Windows 7 Command Prompt

Senarai Lengkap Perintah CMD Terdapat di Windows 7
Berikut adalah senarai lengkap arahan,biasanya dipanggil arahan CMD, yang boleh didapati dari Command Prompt di Windows 7:
A
append - loadfix | lodctr - telnet | tftp - xcopy

Append

The append command can be used by programs to open files in another directory as if they were located in the current directory.The append command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Arp

The arp command is used to display or change entries in the ARP cache.

Assoc

The assoc command is used to display or change the file type associated with a particular file extension.

At

The at command is used to schedule commands and other programs to run at a specific date and time.

Attrib

The attrib command is used to change the attributes of a single file or a directory.

Auditpol

The auditpol command is used to display or change audit policies.

B

Bcdboot

The bcdboot command is used to copy boot files to the system partition and to create a new system BCD store.

Bcdedit

The bcdedit command is used to view or make changes to Boot Configuration Data.

Bdehdcfg

The bdehdcfg command is used to prepare a hard drive for BitLocker Drive Encryption.

Bitsadmin

The bitsadmin command is used to create, manage, and monitor download and upload jobs.While the bitsadmin command is available in Windows 7, you should know that it is being phased out. The BITS PowerShell cmdlets should be used instead.

Bootcfg

The bootcfg command is used to build, modify, or view the contents of the boot.ini file, a hidden file that is used to identify in what folder, on which partition, and on which hard drive Windows is located.The bootcfg command was replaced by the bcdedit command beginning in Windows Vista. Bootcfg is still available in Windows 7 but it serves no real value since boot.ini is not used.

Break

The break command sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking on DOS systems.The break command is available in Windows 7 to provide compatibility with MS-DOS files but it has no effect in Windows 7 itself.

C

Cacls

The cacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files. Even though the cacls command is available in Windows 7, it's being phased out. Microsoft recommends that you use the icalcs command instead.

Call

The call command is used to run a script or batch program from within another script or batch program.The call command has no effect outside of a script or batch file. In other words, running the call command at the Command Prompt will do nothing.

Cd

The Cd command is the shorthand version of the chdir command.

Certreq

The certreq command is used to perform various certification authority (CA) certificate functions.

Certutil

The certutil command is used to dump and display certification authority (CA) configuration information in addition to other CA functions.

Change

The change command changes various terminal server settings like install modes, COM port mappings, and logons.

Chcp

The chcp command displays or configures the active code page number.

Chdir

The chdir command is used to display the drive letter and folder that you are currently in. Chdir can also be used to change the drive and/or directory that you want to work in.

Chglogon

The chglogon command enables, disables, or drains terminal server session logins.Executing the chglogon command is the same as executing change logon.

Chgport

The chgport command can be used to display or change COM port mappings for DOS compatibility.Executing the chgport command is the same as executing change port.

Chgusr

The chgusr command is used to change the install mode for the terminal server.Executing the chgusr command is the same as executing change user.

Chkdsk

The chkdsk command, often referred to as check disk, is used to identify and correct certain hard drive errors.

Chkntfs

The chkntfs command is used to configure or display the checking of the disk drive during the Windows boot process.

Choice

The choice command is used within a script or batch program to provide a list of choices and return of the value of that choice to the program.

Cipher

The cipher command shows or changes the encryption status of files and folders on NTFS partitions.

Clip

The clip command is used to redirect the output from any command to the clipboard in Windows.

Cls

The cls command clears the screen of all previously entered commands and other text.

Cmd

The cmd command starts a new instance of the command interpreter.

Cmdkey

The cmdkey command is used to show, create, and remove stored user names and passwords.

Cmstp

The cmstp command installs or uninstalls a Connection Manager service profile.

Color

The color command is used to change the colors of the text and background within the Command Prompt window.

Command

The command command starts a new instance of the command.com command interpreter.The command command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Comp

The comp command is used to compare the contents of two files or sets of files.

Compact

The compact command is used to show or change the compression state of files and directories on NTFS partitions.

Convert

The convert command is used to convert FAT or FAT32 formatted volumes to the NTFS format.

Copy

The copy command does simply that - it copies one or more files from one location to another.

Cscript

The cscript command is used to execute scripts via Microsoft Script Host.The cscript command is most commonly used to manage printing from the command line with scripts like prncnfg.vbs, prndrvr.vbs, prnmngr.vbs, and others.

D

Date

The date command is used to show or change the current date.

Debug

The debug command starts Debug, a command line application used to test and edit programs.The debug command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Defrag

The defrag command is used to defragment a drive you specify. The defrag command is the command line version of Microsoft's Disk Defragmenter.

Del

The del command is used to delete one or more files. The del command is the same as the erase command.

Diantz

The diantz command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The diantz command is sometimes called Cabinet Maker.The diantz command is the same as the makecab command.

Dir

The dir command is used to display a list of files and folders contained inside the folder that you are currently working in. The dir command also displays other important information like the hard drive's serial number, the total number of files listed, their combined size, the total amount of free space left on the drive, and more.

Diskcomp

The diskcomp command is used to compare the contents of two floppy disks.

Diskcopy

The diskcopy command is used to copy the entire contents of one floppy disk to another.

Diskpart

The diskpart command is used to create, manage, and delete hard drive partitions.

Diskperf

The diskperf command is used to manage disk performance counters remotely.The diskperf command was useful for disk performance counter administration in Windows NT and 2000 but are permanently enabled in Windows 7.

Diskraid

The diskraid command starts the DiskRAID tool which is used to manage and configure RAID arrays.

Dism

The dism command starts the Deployment Image Servicing and Management tool (DISM). The DISM tool is used to manage features in Windows images.

Dispdiag

The dispdiag command is used to output a log of information about the display system.

Doskey

The doskey command is used to edit command lines, create macros, and recall previously entered commands.

Dosx

The dosx command is used to start DOS Protected Mode Interface (DPMI), a special mode designed to give MS-DOS applications access to more than the normally allowed 640 KB.The dosx command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.The dosx command (and DPMI) is only available in Windows 7 to support older MS-DOS programs.

Driverquery

The driverquery command is used to show a list of all installed drivers.

E

Echo

The echo command is used to show messages, most commonly from within script or batch files. The echo command can also be used to turn the echoing feature on or off.

Edit

The edit command starts the MS-DOS Editor tool which is used to create and modify text files.The edit is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Edlin

The edlin command starts the Edlin tool which is used to create and modify text files from the command line.The edit is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Endlocal

The endlocal command is used to end the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file.

Erase

The erase command is used to delete one or more files. The erase command is the same as the del command.

Esentutl

The esentutl command is used to manage Extensible Storage Engine databases.

Eventcreate

The eventcreate command is used to create a custom event in an event log.

Exe2Bin

The exe2bin command is used to convert a file of the EXE file type (executable file) to a binary file.The exe2bin command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Exit

The exit command is used to end the Command Prompt session that you're currently working in.

Expand

The expand command is used to extract a single file or a group of files from a compressed file.

Extrac32

The extrac32 command is used to extract the files and folders contained in Microsoft Cabinet (CAB) files.The extrac32 command is actually a CAB extraction program for use by Internet Explorer but can be used to extract any Microsoft Cabinet file. Use the expand command instead of the extrac32 command if possible.

F

Fastopen

The fastopen command is used to add a program's hard drive location to a special list stored in memory, potentially improving the program's launch time by removing the need for MS-DOS to locate the application on the drive.The fastopen command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7. Fastopen only exists in 32-bit versions of Windows 7 to support older MS-DOS files.

Fc

The fc command is used to compare two individual or sets of files and then show the differences between them.

Find

The find command is used to search for a specified text string in one or more files.

Findstr

The findstr command is used to find text string patterns in one or more files.

Finger

The finger command is used to return information about one or more users on a remote computer that's running the Finger service.

Fltmc

The fltmc command is used to load, unload, list, and otherwise manage Filter drivers.

For

The for command is used to run a specified command for each file in a set of files. The for command is most often used within a batch or script file.

Forfiles

The forfiles command selects one or more files to execute a specified command on. The forfiles command is most often used within a batch or script file.

Format

The format command is used to format a drive in the file system that you specify.Drive formatting is also available from Disk Management in Windows 7.

Fsutil

The fsutil command is used to perform various FAT and NTFS file system tasks like managing reparse points and sparse files, dismounting a volume, and extending a volume.

Ftp

The ftp command can used to transfer files to and from another computer. The remote computer must be operating as an FTP server.

Ftype

The ftype command is used to define a default program to open a specified file type.

G

Getmac

The getmac command is used to display the media access control (MAC) address of all the network controllers on a system.

Goto

The goto command is used in a batch or script file to direct the command process to a labeled line in the script.

Gpresult

The gpresult command is used to display Group Policy settings.

Gpupdate

The gpupdate command is used to update Group Policy settings.

Graftabl

The graftabl command is used to enable the ability of Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.The graftabl command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Graphics

The graphics command is used to load a program that can print graphics.The graphics command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

H

Help

The help command provides more detailed information on other Command Prompt commands.

Hostname

The hostname command displays the name of the current host.

Hwrcomp

The hwrcomp command is used to compile custom dictionaries for handwriting recognition.

Hwrreg

The hwrreg command is used to install a previously compiled custom dictionary for handwriting recognition.

I

Icacls

The icacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files. The icacls command is an updated version of the cacls command.

If

The if command is used to perform conditional functions in a batch file.

Ipconfig

The ipconfig command is used to display detailed IP information for each network adapter utilizing TCP/IP. The ipconfig command can also be used to release and renew IP addresses on systems configured to receive them via a DHCP server.

Irftp

The irftp command is used to transmit files over an infrared link.

Iscsicli

The iscsicli command starts the Microsoft iSCSI Initiator, used to manage iSCSI.

K

Kb16

The kb16 command is used to support MS-DOS files that need to configure a keyboard for a specific language.The kb16 command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Klist

The klist command is used to list Kerberos service tickets. The klist command can also be used to purge Kerberos tickets.

Ksetup

The ksetup command is used to configure connections to a Kerberos server.

Ktmutil

The ktmutil command starts the Kernel Transaction Manager utility.

L

Label

The label command is used to manage the volume label of a disk.

Loadfix

The loadfix command is used to load the specified program in the first 64K of memory and then runs the program.The loadfix command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Lodctr

The lodctr command is used to update registry values related to performance counters.

Logman

The logman command is used to create and manage Event Trace Session and Performance logs. The logman command also supports many functions of Performance Monitor.

Logoff

The logoff command is used to terminate a session.

Lpq

The lpq command displays the status of a print queue on a computer running Line Printer Daemon (LPD).The lpq command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the LPD Print Service Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Lpr

The lpr command is used to send a file to a computer running Line Printer Daemon (LPD).The lpqr command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the LPD Print Service Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

M

Makecab

The makecab command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The makecab command is sometimes called Cabinet Maker.The makecab command is the same as the diantz command.

Manage-bde

The manage-bde command is used to configure BitLocker Drive Encryption from the command line.

Md

The md command is the shorthand version of the mkdir command.

Mem

The mem command shows information about used and free memory areas and programs that are currently loaded into memory in the MS-DOS subsystem.The mem command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Mkdir

The mkdir command is used to create a new folder.

Mklink

The mklink command is used to create a symbolic link.

Mode

The mode command is used to configure system devices, most often COM and LPT ports.

More

The more command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The more command can also be used to paginate the results of any other Command Prompt command.

Mount

The mount command is used to mount Network File System (NFS) network shares.The mount command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the Services for NFS Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Mountvol

The mountvol command is used to display, create, or remove volume mount points.

Move

The move command is used to move one or files from one folder to another. The move command is also used to rename directories.

Mrinfo

The mrinfo command is used to provide information about a router's interfaces and neighbors.

Msg

The msg command is used to send a message to a user.

Msiexec

The msiexec command is used to start Windows Installer, a tool used to install and configure software.

Muiunattend

The muiunattend command starts the Multilanguage User Interface unattended setup process.

N

Nbtstat

The nbtstat command is used to show TCP/IP information and other statistical information about a remote computer.

Net1

The net1 command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings.The net command should be used instead of the net1 command. The net1 command was made available in some early versions of Windows as a temporary fix for a Y2K issue that the net command had. The net1 command remains in Windows 7 only for compatibility with older programs and scripts that utilized the command.

Net

The net command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings.

Netcfg

The netcfg command is used to install the Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE), a lightweight version of Windows used to deploy workstations.

Netsh

The netsh command is used to start Network Shell, a command-line utility used to manage the network configuration of the local, or a remote, computer.

Netstat

The netstat command is most commonly used to display all open network connections and listening ports.

Nfsadmin

The nfsadmin command is used to manage Server for NFS or Client for NFS from the command line.The nfsadmin command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the Services for NFS Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Nlsfunc

The nlsfunc command is used to load information specific to a particular country or region.The nlsfunc command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7 and is only available in 32-bit versions to support older MS-DOS files.

Nltest

The nltest command is used to test secure channels between Windows computers in a domain and between domain controllers that are trusting other domains.The nltest command was first available in Windows 7.

Nslookup

The nslookup is most commonly used to display the hostname of an entered IP address. The nslookup command queries your configured DNS server to discover the IP address.

O

Ocsetup

The ocsetup command starts the Windows Optional Component Setup tool, used to install additional Windows features.

Openfiles

The openfiles command is used to display and disconnect open files and folders on a system.

P

Path

The path command is used to display or set a specific path available to executable files.

Pathping

The pathping command functions much like the tracert command but will also report information about network latency and loss at each hop.

Pause

The pause command is used within a batch or script file to pause the processing of the file. When the pause command is used, a Press any key to continue... message displays in the command window.

Ping

The ping command sends an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request message to a specified remote computer to verify IP-level connectivity.

Pkgmgr

The pkgmgr command is used to start the Windows Package Manager from the Command Prompt. Package Manager installs, uninstalls, configures, and updates features and packages for Windows.

Pnpunattend

The pnpunattend command is used to automate the installation of hardware device drivers.

Pnputil

The pnputil command is used to start the Microsoft PnP Utility, a tool used to install a Plug and Play device from the command line.

Popd

The popd command is used to change the current directory to the one most recently stored by the pushd command. The popd command is most often utilized from within a batch or script file.

Powercfg

The powercfg command is used to manage the Windows power management settings from the command line.

Print

The print command is used to print a specified text file to a specified printing device.

Prompt

The prompt command is used to customize the appearance of the prompt text in Command Prompt.

Pushd

The pushd command is used to store a directory for use, most commonly from within a batch or script program.

Q

Qappsrv

The qappsrv command is used to display all Remote Desktop Session Host servers available on the network.

Qprocess

The qprocess command is used to display information about running processes.

Query

The query command is used to display the status of a specified service.

Quser

The quser command is used to display information about users currently logged on to the system.

Qwinsta

The qwinsta command is used to display information about open Remote Desktop Sessions.

R

Rasautou

The rasautou command is used to manage Remote Access Dialer AutoDial addresses.

Rasdial

The rasdial command is used to start or end a network connection for a Microsoft client.

Rcp

The rcp command is used to copy files between a Windows computer and a system running the rshd daemon.The rcp command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel and then installing the Utilities and SDK for UNIX-based Applications available here.

Rd

The rd command is the shorthand version of the rmdir command.

Rdpsign

The rdpsign command is used to sign a Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) file.

Reagentc

The reagentc command is used to configure the Windows Recovery Environment (RE).

Recover

The recover command is used to recover readable data from a bad or defective disk.

Reg

The reg command is used to manage the Windows Registry from the command line. The reg command can perform common registry functions like adding registry keys, exporting the registry, etc.

Regini

The regini command is used to set or change registry permissions and registry values from the command line.

Regsvr32

The regsvr32 command is used to register a DLL file as a command component in the Windows Registry.

Relog

The relog command is used to create new performance logs from data in existing performance logs.

Rem

The rem command is used to record comments or remarks in a batch or script file.

Ren

The ren command is the shorthand version of the rename command.

Rename

The rename command is used to change the name of the individual file that you specify.

Repair-bde

The repair-bde command is used to repair or decrypt a damaged drive that's been encrypted using BitLocker.

Replace

The replace command is used to replace one or more files with one or more other files.

Reset

The reset command, executed as reset session, is used to reset the session subsystem software and hardware to known initial values.

Rmdir

The rmdir command is used to delete an existing and completely empty folder.

Robocopy

The robocopy command is used to copy files and directories from one location to another. This command is also called Robust File Copy.The robocopy command is superior to the more simple copy command because robocopy supports many more options.

Route

The route command is used to manipulate network routing tables.

Rpcinfo

The rpcinfo command makes a remote procedure call (RPC) to an RPC server and reports what it finds.The rpcinfo command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the Services for NFS Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Rpcping

The rpcping command is used to ping a server using RPC.

Rsh

The rsh command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rsh daemon.The rsh command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel and then installing the Utilities and SDK for UNIX-based Applications available here.

Runas

The runas command is used to execute a program using another user's credentials.

Rwinsta

The rwinsta command is the shorthand version of the reset session command.

S

Sc

The sc command is used to configure information about services. The sc command communicates with the Service Control Manager.

Schtasks

The schtasks command is used to schedule specified programs or commands to run a certain times. The schtasks command can be used to create, delete, query, change, run, and end scheduled tasks.

Sdbinst

The sdbinst command is used to deploy customized SDB database files.

Secedit

The secedit command is used to configure and analyze system security by comparing the current security configuration to a template.

Set

The set command is used to enable or disable certain options in Command Prompt.

Setlocal

The setlocal command is used to start the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file.

Setspn

The setspn command is used to manage the Service Principal Names (SPN) for an Active Directory (AD) service account.

Setver

The setver command is used to set the MS-DOS version number that MS-DOS reports to a program.The setver command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7.

Setx

The setx command is used to create or change environment variables in the user environment or the system environment.

Sfc

The sfc command is used to verify and replace important Windows system files. The sfc command is also referred to as System File Checker and Windows Resource Checker.

Shadow

The shadow command Is used to monitor another Remote Desktop Services session.

Share

The share command is used to install file locking and file sharing functions in MS-DOS.The share command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows 7. Share is only available in 32-bit versions of Windows 7 to support older MS-DOS files.

Shift

The shift command is used to change the position of replaceable parameters in a batch or script file.

Showmount

The showmount command is used to display information about NFS mounted file systems.The showmount command is not available by default inWindows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the Services for NFS Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Shutdown

The shutdown command can be used to shut down, restart, or log off the current system or a remote computer.

Sort

The sort command is used to read data from a specified input, sort that data, and return the results of that sort to the Command Prompt screen, a file, or another output device.

Start

The start command is used to open a new command line window to run a specified program or command. The start command can also be used to start an application without creating a new window.

Subst

The subst command is used to associate a local path with a drive letter. The subst command is a lot like the net use command except a local path is used instead of a shared network path.

Sxstrace

The sxstrace command is used to start the WinSxs Tracing Utility, a programming diagnostic tool.

Systeminfo

The systeminfo command is used to display basic Windows configuration information for the local or a remote computer.

T

Takeown

The takeown command is used to regain access to a file that that an administrator was denied access to when reassigning ownership of the file.

Taskkill

The taskkill command is used to terminate a running task. The taskkill command is the command line equivalent of ending a process in Task Manager in Windows.

Tasklist

"Displays a list of applications, services, and the Process ID (PID) currently running on either a local or a remote computer.

Tcmsetup

The tcmsetup command is used to setup or disable the Telephony Application Programming Interface (TAPI) client.

Telnet

The telnet command is used to communicate with remote computers that use the Telnet protocol.The telnet command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the Telnet Client Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Tftp

The tftp command is used to transfer files to and from a remote computer that's running the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) service or daemon.The tftp command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the TFTP Client Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Time

The time command is used to show or change the current time.

Timeout

The timeout command is typically used in a batch or script file to provide a specified timeout value during a procedure. The timeout command can also be used to ignore keypresses.

Title

The title command is used to set the Command Prompt window title.

Tlntadmn

The tlntadmn command is used to administer a local or remote computer running Telnet Server.The tlntadmn command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the Telnet Server Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Tracerpt

The tracerpt command is used to process event trace logs or real-time data from instrumented event trace providers.

Tracert

The tracert command is used to show details about the path that a packet takes to a specified destination.

Tree

The tree command is used to graphically display the folder structure of a specified drive or path.

Tscon

The tscon command is used to attach a user session to a Remote Desktop session.

Tsdiscon

The tsdiscon command is used to disconnect a Remote Desktop session.

Tskill

The tskill command is used to end the specified process.

Type

The type command is used to display the information contained in a text file.

Typerperf

The typerperf command displays performance data in the Command Prompt window or writes the data to specified log file.

Tzutil

The tzutil command is used to display or configure the current system's time zone. The tzutil command can also be used to enable or disable automatic Daylight Saving Time adjustments.

U

Umount

The umount command is used to remove Network File System (NFS) mounted network shares.The umount command is not available by default in Windows 7 but can be enabled by turning on the Services for NFS Windows feature from Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Unlodctr

The unlodctr command removes Explain text and Performance counter names for a service or device driver from the Windows Registry.

V

Vaultcmd

The vaultcmd command is used to create, remove, and show stored credentials.

Ver

The ver command is used to display the current Windows version.

Verify

The verify command is used to enable or disable the ability of Command Prompt to verify that files are written correctly to a disk.

Vol

The vol command shows the volume label and serial number of a specified disk, assuming this information exists.

Vssadmin

The vssadmin command starts the Volume Shadow Copy Service administrative command line tool which displays current volume shadow copy backups and all installed shadow copy writers and providers.

W

W32tm

The w32tm command is used to diagnose issues with Windows Time.

Waitfor

The waitform command is used to send or wait for a signal on a system.

Wbadmin

The wbadmin command is used start and stop backup jobs, display details about a previous backup, list the items within a backup, and report on the status of a currently running backup.

Wecutil

The wecutil command is used to mange subscriptions to events that are forwarded from WS-Management supported computers.

Wevtutil

The wevtutil command starts the Windows Events Command Line Utility which is used to manage event logs and publishers.

Where

The where command is used to search for files that match a specified pattern.

Whoami

The whoami command is used to retrieve user name and group information on a network.

Winrm

The winrm command is used to start the command line version of Windows Remote Management, used to manage secure communications with local and remote computers using web services.

Winrs

The winrs command is used to open a secure command window with a remote host.

Winsat

The winsat command starts the Windows System Assessment Tool, a program that assesses various features, attributes, and capabilities of a computer running Windows.

Wmic

The wmic command starts the Windows Management Instrumentation Command line (WMIC), a scripting interface that simplifies the use of Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) and systems managed via WMI.

Wsmanhttpconfig

The wsmanhttpconfig command is used to manage aspects of the Windows Remote Management (WinRM) service.

X

Xcopy

The xcopy command can copy one or more files or directory trees from one location to another.
Adakah saya tertinggal Perintah Command Prompt?

Saya dah pun cuba berusaha keras untuk merangkumi setiap arahan yang terdapat dalam Command Prompt di Windows 7. dalam senarai di atas mungkin saya telah terlepas sesuatu. Jika saya lakukan, sila beritahu saya, jadi saya boleh menambah
-=::selamat mencuba::=-

Indeks A-Z Bash baris arahan untuk Linux.

dibawah merupakan arahan untuk linux. selamat mencuba.

a  
  alias    Create an alias •  apropos  Search Help manual pages (man -k)  apt-get  Search for and install software packages (Debian/Ubuntu)  aptitude Search for and install software packages (Debian/Ubuntu)  aspell   Spell Checker  awk      Find and Replace text, database sort/validate/indexb  basename Strip directory and suffix from filenames  bash     GNU Bourne-Again SHell   bc       Arbitrary precision calculator language   bg       Send to background  break    Exit from a loop •  builtin  Run a shell builtin  bzip2    Compress or decompress named file(s)c  cal      Display a calendar  case     Conditionally perform a command  cat      Concatenate and print (display) the content of files  cd       Change Directory  cfdisk   Partition table manipulator for Linux  chgrp    Change group ownership  chmod    Change access permissions  chown    Change file owner and group  chroot   Run a command with a different root directory  chkconfig System services (runlevel)  cksum    Print CRC checksum and byte counts  clear    Clear terminal screen  cmp      Compare two files  comm     Compare two sorted files line by line  command  Run a command - ignoring shell functions •  continue Resume the next iteration of a loop •  cp       Copy one or more files to another location  cron     Daemon to execute scheduled commands  crontab  Schedule a command to run at a later time  csplit   Split a file into context-determined pieces  cut      Divide a file into several partsd  date     Display or change the date & time  dc       Desk Calculator  dd       Convert and copy a file, write disk headers, boot records  ddrescue Data recovery tool  declare  Declare variables and give them attributes •  df       Display free disk space  diff     Display the differences between two files  diff3    Show differences among three files  dig      DNS lookup  dir      Briefly list directory contents  dircolors Colour setup for `ls'  dirname  Convert a full pathname to just a path  dirs     Display list of remembered directories  dmesg    Print kernel & driver messages   du       Estimate file space usagee  echo     Display message on screen •  egrep    Search file(s) for lines that match an extended expression  eject    Eject removable media  enable   Enable and disable builtin shell commands •  env      Environment variables  ethtool  Ethernet card settings  eval     Evaluate several commands/arguments  exec     Execute a command  exit     Exit the shell  expect   Automate arbitrary applications accessed over a terminal  expand   Convert tabs to spaces  export   Set an environment variable  expr     Evaluate expressionsf  false    Do nothing, unsuccessfully  fdformat Low-level format a floppy disk  fdisk    Partition table manipulator for Linux  fg       Send job to foreground   fgrep    Search file(s) for lines that match a fixed string  file     Determine file type  find     Search for files that meet a desired criteria  fmt      Reformat paragraph text  fold     Wrap text to fit a specified width.  for      Expand words, and execute commands  format   Format disks or tapes  free     Display memory usage  fsck     File system consistency check and repair  ftp      File Transfer Protocol  function Define Function Macros  fuser    Identify/kill the process that is accessing a fileg  gawk     Find and Replace text within file(s)  getopts  Parse positional parameters  grep     Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern  groupadd Add a user security group  groupdel Delete a group  groupmod Modify a group  groups   Print group names a user is in  gzip     Compress or decompress named file(s)h  hash     Remember the full pathname of a name argument  head     Output the first part of file(s)  help     Display help for a built-in command •  history  Command History  hostname Print or set system namei  iconv    Convert the character set of a file  id       Print user and group id's  if       Conditionally perform a command  ifconfig Configure a network interface  ifdown   Stop a network interface   ifup     Start a network interface up  import   Capture an X server screen and save the image to file  install  Copy files and set attributesj  jobs     List active jobs •  join     Join lines on a common fieldk  kill     Stop a process from running  killall  Kill processes by namel  less     Display output one screen at a time  let      Perform arithmetic on shell variables •  ln       Make links between files  local    Create variables •  locate   Find files  logname  Print current login name  logout   Exit a login shell •  look     Display lines beginning with a given string  lpc      Line printer control program  lpr      Off line print  lprint   Print a file  lprintd  Abort a print job  lprintq  List the print queue  lprm     Remove jobs from the print queue  ls       List information about file(s)  lsof     List open filesm  make     Recompile a group of programs  man      Help manual  mkdir    Create new folder(s)  mkfifo   Make FIFOs (named pipes)  mkisofs  Create an hybrid ISO9660/JOLIET/HFS filesystem  mknod    Make block or character special files  more     Display output one screen at a time  mount    Mount a file system  mtools   Manipulate MS-DOS files  mtr      Network diagnostics (traceroute/ping)  mv       Move or rename files or directories  mmv      Mass Move and rename (files)n  netstat  Networking information  nice     Set the priority of a command or job  nl       Number lines and write files  nohup    Run a command immune to hangups  notify-send  Send desktop notifications  nslookup Query Internet name servers interactivelyo  open     Open a file in its default application  op       Operator access p  passwd   Modify a user password  paste    Merge lines of files  pathchk  Check file name portability  ping     Test a network connection  pkill    Stop processes from running  popd     Restore the previous value of the current directory  pr       Prepare files for printing  printcap Printer capability database  printenv Print environment variables  printf   Format and print data •  ps       Process status  pushd    Save and then change the current directory  pwd      Print Working Directoryq  quota    Display disk usage and limits  quotacheck Scan a file system for disk usage  quotactl Set disk quotasr  ram      ram disk device  rcp      Copy files between two machines  read     Read a line from standard input •  readarray Read from stdin into an array variable •  readonly Mark variables/functions as readonly  reboot   Reboot the system  rename   Rename files  renice   Alter priority of running processes   remsync  Synchronize remote files via email  return   Exit a shell function  rev      Reverse lines of a file  rm       Remove files  rmdir    Remove folder(s)  rsync    Remote file copy (Synchronize file trees)s  screen   Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via ssh  scp      Secure copy (remote file copy)  sdiff    Merge two files interactively  sed      Stream Editor  select   Accept keyboard input  seq      Print numeric sequences  set      Manipulate shell variables and functions  sftp     Secure File Transfer Program  shift    Shift positional parameters  shopt    Shell Options  shutdown Shutdown or restart linux  sleep    Delay for a specified time  slocate  Find files  sort     Sort text files  source   Run commands from a file `.'  split    Split a file into fixed-size pieces  ssh      Secure Shell client (remote login program)  strace   Trace system calls and signals  su       Substitute user identity  sudo     Execute a command as another user  sum      Print a checksum for a file  suspend  Suspend execution of this shell •  symlink  Make a new name for a file  sync     Synchronize data on disk with memoryt  tail     Output the last part of file  tar      Tape ARchiver  tee      Redirect output to multiple files  test     Evaluate a conditional expression  time     Measure Program running time  times    User and system times  touch    Change file timestamps  top      List processes running on the system  traceroute Trace Route to Host  trap     Run a command when a signal is set(bourne)  tr       Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters  true     Do nothing, successfully  tsort    Topological sort  tty      Print filename of terminal on stdin  type     Describe a command •u  ulimit   Limit user resources •  umask    Users file creation mask  umount   Unmount a device  unalias  Remove an alias •  uname    Print system information  unexpand Convert spaces to tabs  uniq     Uniquify files  units    Convert units from one scale to another  unset    Remove variable or function names  unshar   Unpack shell archive scripts  until    Execute commands (until error)  uptime   Show uptime  useradd  Create new user account  userdel  Delete a user account  usermod  Modify user account  users    List users currently logged in  uuencode Encode a binary file   uudecode Decode a file created by uuencodev  v        Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b')  vdir     Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b')  vi       Text Editor  vmstat   Report virtual memory statisticsw  wait     Wait for a process to complete •  watch    Execute/display a program periodically  wc       Print byte, word, and line counts  whereis  Search the user's $path, man pages and source files for a program  which    Search the user's $path for a program file  while    Execute commands  who      Print all usernames currently logged in  whoami   Print the current user id and name (`id -un')  wget     Retrieve web pages or files via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP  write    Send a message to another user x  xargs    Execute utility, passing constructed argument list(s)  xdg-open Open a file or URL in the user's preferred application.  yes      Print a string until interrupted  .        Run a command script in the current shell  !!       Run the last command again  ###      Comment / Remark
 
Commands marked • are bash built-ins, these are available under all shells.

Sunday, July 29, 2012

Reduce Page Delays (for Firefox only)

Firefox anda mengambil masa terlalu lama untuk ke suatu webpage? Sila ikuti langkah berikut untuk mengatasinya:

. Taip "about:config" (tanpa quotes) kat address bar
. Klik "I'll be careful, I promise!" (Untick the box if you don't want this message to show again)
. Right click kat mana2 je
. New
. Klik "String"
. Dalam pops up box ni, taip "nglayout.initialpaint.delay" (tanpa quotes)
. Klik OK
. Dalam pops up box seterusnya, taip "0" (tanpa quotes)
. Klik OK
. Restart Firefox


saya hanye tau untuk firefox sahaja sebab saya gunakannye..

-=::selamat mencuba::=-

Jenis virus komputer yang biasa kita dengar

Apa Itu Virus Komputer
Virus merupakan sebuah aturcara berparasit yang ditulis dengan tujuan untuk memasuki
komputer tanpa pengetahuan atau kebenaran penggunanya.Ia digunakan kerana virus akan bercantum kepada fail atau sektor boot dan menggandakan dirinya untuk merebakkan jangkitannya. McAfee mendefinisikan virus sebagai sebuah perisian aturcara yang bercantum dengan aturcara lain dalam memori komputer atau cakera dan merebak daripada satu aturcara kepada aturcara yang lain.

Jenis-Jenis Virus

BOOT SECTOR - Menduduki sebahagian daripada bahagian cakera keras atau disket pada bahagian rekod boot utama(MBR).Ia akan mendiamkan dirinya ssehingga ia dihidupkan oleh aturcara tersebut.

PARTITION TABLE - Ia menyerupai virus boot sector tetapi ia menyerang "partition table" cakera keras(ruang simpan maklumat bagaimana cakera keras dicapai) dengan menggerakkan ia ke sektor yang baru dan menggantikan sektor yang ada dengan kod yang dijangkiti virus. Virus akan disebarkan daripada partition table ke boot sector disket jika disket digunakan.

FILE VIRUS - Virus jenis ini adalah virus yang biasa didapati pafa fail-fail. Virus ini akan mencantumkan dirinya kepada fail .exe dan ia akan menghalang fail itu daripada berfungsi. Ia juga mampu mengubahsuai dan merosakkan fail itu bagi memudahkan ia disebarkan sebelum ia dikesan. Antara jenis virus yang dimuatkan dalam kategori ini ialah virus polimorfik(sering berubah) dan virus stealth(tidak meninggalkan kesan).

MULTIPARTITE VIRUS - Ia mempunyai ciri-ciri yang sama dengan virus boot sector dan virus fail. Ia bercantum kepada fail dan mengubahsuai MBR cakera keras. Ia memerlukan pengkodan yang kompleks.Virus jenis ini jarang didapati tetapi ia mampu melakukan tindakan yang menghancurkan

MACRO VIRUS - Virus jenis ini masih baru dan yang pertama muncul pada Julai 1995 di dalam MS WORD.Secara tidak langsung semua fail yang menggunakan aplikasi Word,Excel dan aplikasi lain yang menggunakan makro. Ia boleh menghasilkan jaringan arahan didalam sebuah fail yang menjalakan arahan setiap kali sesuatu kombinasi kekunci itu ditekan.Terdapat juga virus makro yang merosakkan dan memusnahkan fail lain.

TROJAN HORSE - Virus ini tidak mereplikasikan dirinya dengan itu ia sering dianggap bukan virus sepenuhnya tetapi ia masih mampu menghasilkan sebuah kerosakkan yang besar. Ia sering dimuatkan dalam program yang baru atau sah kerana ia sering digunakan oleh pengguna. Apabile ia dihidupkan ia akan memaparkan mesej, menukar data atau memusnahkan banyak fail.

WORMS - Virus ini juga bukanlah virus yang sepenuhnya kerana ia tidak menjangkiti fail lain tetapi ia mereplikasikan dirinya dengan cepat. Setiap kali ia mengeluarkan salinan.Hasilnya ialah penghasilan banyak worm dalam masa yang pendek dan memakan ruang cakera keras. Ia merebak menerusi rangkaian atau emel dan memenuhi ruang storan rangkaian atau simpanan emel.